ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

   

  INTRODUCTION

Since time immemorial Human Prosperity is linked with the livestock wealth.  It has been rightly said by late U.N.Dhebar that “To think of Rural Development without Livestock Improvement is to think of Modern Industrialization without Power Stations”.

Andhra Pradesh has some of the richest livestock resources in the Country and is one of the most advanced States in Animal Husbandry activities.  The Livestock play a vital role in Socio-economic and cultural life of our people.

During the year 1892, Civil Veterinary Department was established in the composite Madras State to provide Veterinary Aid to the needy farmers.  Subsequently after Independence, C.V.D was renamed as Animal Husbandry Department (1948), with the main objective of treatment and prevention of diseases in livestock.  Initially the emphasis was on health care only, but subsequently several schemes have been taken up for overall growth of livestock sector.

PHENOMENAL GROWTH

During 50 years of formation of Andhra Pradesh, Animal Husbandry Sector has achieved phenomenal growth in its different spheres.  With the launching of several five year plans, Animal Husbandry activities were reoriented towards increased production of livestock products like Milk, Meat and Eggs, besides providing adequate health care and control of diseases aiming to improve the economy of rural poor through livestock rearing.  With its livestock resources and gradual enlightment of the farmers along with dedicated and sustained efforts of the Department over the years have elevated the State to a prominent position in the Country in the Livestock Sector.  The State rose to number one position in Poultry and Egg Production in the Country.  From a humble beginning of backyard poultry it has grown to a stage of dynamic industry producing 164534 lakh eggs per annum.  The Milk production also made quantum leap from 18.08 lakh tonnes in 1979-80 to 76.24 lakh tonnes during 2005-06.  Meat production increased from 0.96 lakh tones (1979-80) to 4.57 lakh tonnes (2005-06).  Effective Veterinary and Animal Husbandry services rendered over the years have been the main instrument in achieving these spectacular production levels.

AN INSTRUMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

The Livestock Development has attained the status of an Agro-based industry generating economic growth, gainful employment and livelihood to many weaker sections in the State.  Small and marginal farmers and landless poor contributing to 62% of total milk production own 70% of livestock in Andhra Pradesh.  Nearly women provide 60% of livestock farming labour. Similarly rural shepherds own 90% of sheep population and entire piggery development is the monopoly of weaker sections.   Thus the livestock sector has become a powerful tool for socio-economic change and an important priority component in rural development and poverty alleviation programmes in the State.

ABUNDANT LIVESTOCK WEALTH

Andhra Pradesh is well known for its livestock wealth.  The State has the world famous breed of Ongole Cattle an Aseel breed of poultry, which is the principle source for the development of broiler breeds in the world.  Andhra Pradesh is also famous for Nellore breed of sheep, which is well known for quality mutton production.

Presently Andhra Pradesh stands first in poultry (1005.80 lakhs) and sheep population (210.15 lakhs), second in Buffalo population (107.68 lakhs), seventh in goat population (64.27 lakhs), and eighth in cattle (94.24 lakhs) and pig population (5.4.9 lakhs) in the Country. 

Trends in Livestock Population:

Livestock population, over various census periods.

S.No

Livestock

1956

1961

1966

1972

1977

1983

1987

1993

1999

2003

1

Cattle

112.77

123.45

123.42

125.07

120.41

132.20

123.74

109.47

106.02

94.24

2

Buffaloes

59.68

69.49

67.91

70.57

71.63

87.04

87.57

91.53

96.58

107.68

3

Total Bovines

172.45

192.94

191.33

195.64

192.04

219.24

211.31

201.00

202.60

201.92

4

Sheep

78.46

83.63

80.04

83.43

70.64

75.19

68.72

77.87

97.43

210.15

5

Goat

36.93

42.47

37.58

43.80

43.64

54.59

48.76

43.29

52.13

64.27

6

Pigs

6.21

5.93

5.82

6.90

7.55

7.86

7.24

6.48

7.48

5.49

7

Poultry

147.37

162.48

147.15

190.47

216.09

323.92

390.51

498.83

633.96

1005.80

LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION LEVELS ARE INDICES OF PROGRESS:

The production levels of major livestock products like Milk, Meat and Eggs are the indices of progress in livestock sector.  The milk production has increased from 18.08 lakh tonnes in 79-80 to 76.24 lakh tonnes in 2005-06. The meat production has increased from 96320 tonnes in 79-80 to 457137 tonnes in 2005-06. The egg production has increased from 17119 lakh nos in 79-80 to 164534 lakh nos in 2005-06.

The percapita availability of Milk has increased from 168 gms/day (1997-98) to 286 gms/day (2005-06).  The Percapita availability of Eggs has increased from 141 nos/annum (1997-98) to 202 nos/annum (2005-06). The Percapita availability of Meat has increased from 9.21 gms/day (1997-98) to 15.35 gms/day (2005-06) inspite of rapid growth in human population, which is a remarkable achievement.

ANIMAL HEALTH NETWORK:

Over the last five decades, the animal health sector has untiringly worked to lay strong foundation of effective animal health network to facilitate animal production to take off.  Since the formation of Andhra Pradesh and with the advent of five year plans, rapid strides were made in the animal health care by opening number of veterinary institutions in remote areas in the State.

In the beginning of the Ist Five Year Plan there were barely 8-10 Veterinary Institutions in each district and about 200 Institutions in the entire State providing Veterinary Aid covering about 60-70 thousand cattle units under each institution.  The health care facilities have increased during the subsequent plan periods resulting in a phenomenal growth of Veterinary Institutions from 285 during 1956-57 to 5013 during 2005-06.  The cattle units covered now by each graduate institution is about 10,000 and by including Rural Livestock Units the coverage goes down to 4730 each.

At present Veterinary Health cover is provided by 5013 field Veterinary Institutions comprising of 22 Veterinary Poly Clinics at District level  manned by Deputy Directors as referral District hospitals providing specialized services in Gynecology, Surgery and Medicine with X-ray and inpatient facilities, 281Taluk level Veterinary Hospitals manned by Assistant Directors, 1794 Veterinary Dispensaries manned by Veterinary Assistant Surgeons and 2916 Rural Livestock Units at Village level manned by Para Vets are functioning.

There are 22 Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratories are functioning, one each at district headquarters with facilities for disease investigation, quick diagnosis and for mapping out diseases to render timely and effective control measures.  These are the district referral laboratories for effective diagnosis and vaccine distribution work.

ADDRESS:

Directorate of Animal Husbandry, 
NTR Veterinary Super Specialty Hospital Premises, 
Labbipet, 
Vijayawada-520010. 
Ph Nos:0866-2492542
email: ap.ahdir@gmail.com Website:http://apahd.gov.in

DSTRICT CONTACTS

S.No.

Name of the Department

Name of the District

Name and Designation of the HOD

Address

Contact Details

1

Animal Husbandry

Anantapuram

JD Animal Husbandary

 

9989932894

2

Animal Husbandry

Guntur

Dr. K.Venkata Ramana,
JD Animal Husbandary

 

9989932864
jdahgntr@gmail.com

3

Animal Husbandry

Kurnool

K.M.Sudharshana Kumar
JD Animal Husbandary

Collector Complex, Kurnool

9989997102,08518277137
jdahkrnl@gmail.com

4

Animal Husbandry

Prakasham

Dr.N.Rajini Kumari
JD Animal Husbandary

Santhapeta

9989932874
jdahongole@gmail.com

5

Animal Husbandry

Chittoor

JD Animal Husbandary

Animal Husbandry, Beside PVKN degree college, Greamspet, Chittoor-517002

08572-241800

6

Animal Husbandry

Krishna

Dr.T.Damodhar Naidu
JD Animal Husbandary

Joint Director,  A.H,Bundar Road, Vijayawada

9989932852
tdamodar.naidu@gov.in
jdvja@gmail.com

7

Animal Husbandry

Kadapa

Dr. D. Venkat Rao,
JD Animal Husbandary

O/o Department of Animal Husbandary, Kotireddy Circle, Kadapa

9989997068